Zoot Suit: The Production
Chicano/Chicana Term reclaimed and redefined by a new generation of bilingual and bicultural Americans of Mexican descent during a 1960s grassroots political mobilization, known as the Chicano Movement. Prior to this, Chicano was a derogatory term used in reference to recently immigrated Mexicans in the United States. Before the 1960s the names Mexican, Mexican American and Hispanic were used interchangeably.
Sleepy Lagoon Murder Trial (People v. Zamora) a legal case in 1942 investigating the murder of José Díaz. The trial indicted 22 members of the 38th Street Gang on murder charges. Though convictions were later appealed and overturned, the trial is still considered by many as one of the most flagrant misrepresentations of justice in the United States.
Playwright and Teatro
El Teatro Campesino A theatre company located in San Juan Bautista, California. This troupe is dedicated to addressing vital issues in the Latino community by using theatre as a form of political resistance and to celebrate Chicano culture.
Bracero Program A bi-national agreement between the United States and Mexico that granted Mexican workers a temporary farm worker contract in the United States. Currently, a similar program is being debated in the United States Senate.
Chávez Ravine A predominately Mexican American community that was viewed as an eyesore to non- Latino Angelenos. Residents of Chávez Ravine were illegally evicted by the City of Los Angeles in the 1950s in order to build Dodger Stadium. In this eviction, the city exercised eminent domain, their inherent power to seize private property for public use without the owner’s consent.
World War II
Battle of Bataan A bloody three-month battle in the Bataan peninsula in the Philippines during World War II. United States and Philippine forces fought
bravely against a well equipped Japanese invasion. Though the Allies were defeated, the long battle slowed Japanese forces and gave the Allies time to prepare for other attacks.
Trial and Riots
Sleepy Lagoon Defense Committee A grassroots defense committee comprised primarily of Mexican American community members and high profile actors such as Anthony Quinn, a child-hood family friend of the Leyvas family. Quinn drew in other actors such as Rita Hayworth and Orson Wells to the cause.
Yellow journalism Distorted news reports based on sensationalist story angles, biased opinions and scandal. Used as a way to boost newspaper sales and frame public opinion concerning people and events.